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Cultural diversity profile

The Gold Coast population is extremely diverse with 28.3 per cent of residents born overseas.

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Cultural diversity profile

Key statistics

These key statistics, taken from the Australian Bureau of Statistics' (ABS) 2016 Census of Population and Housing, reflect the city’s cultural diversity.

Country of birth

The Gold Coast population is extremely diverse with 28.3% of residents born overseas. This is a higher proportion than Queensland (21.6%) and Australia (26.3%). Close to two per cent identify with an Indigenous heritage.

12 per cent of Gold Coast residents come from countries where English is not the first language. Between 2011 and 2016, the number of residents born overseas increased by 19,129 or 13.9%, and the number of residents from a non-English speaking background increased by 14,717 or 28.5%.

The largest changes in birthplace countries of the Gold Coast population between 2011 and 2016 were for those born in China (with an additional 3527 residents), followed by New Zealand (an additional 1646 residents). In 2016, after Australia, New Zealand was the highest stated country of birth (8 per cent), higher than Queensland (4.3%) and Australia (2.2%).

Young asian girl


Just over 12 per cent of Gold Coast residents speak a language other than English at home; comparable Queensland as a whole (also 12 per cent) yet less than Australia (20.8%).

After English, the most frequently spoken language is Mandarin followed by Japanese, Korean, Spanish, Cantonese, Filipino/Tagalog, Italian, and Portuguese.


The most practiced religion on the Gold Coast is Christianity. A total of 296,728 residents identified as being Christian at the time of the 2016 Census - a 10 per cent decrease from 2011 (or 16,355 residents).

The other most common religions practiced within the city were Buddhism (8793 residents), Islam (4400 residents), and Hinduism (4012 residents).

Further information

The next Census will be conducted by the ABS in August 2021.

If you require further demographic data, please visit our Population profile page. 

You can also view a series of interactive maps which show the distribution of our culturally diverse population across the Gold Coast.

Alternatively you can contact us by phone 07 5581 6642 or email

Related information

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