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Gold Coast History & Heritage

Discover how Council is working to conserve and celebrate the rich and unique heritage of the Gold Coast.

Numinbah History

Old saw mill

Pine Mountain saw mill operated by the Yaun Family -
1880s to 1890s. The timber was roughly sawn and
stood against a framework to dry. The timber was
then transported to Brisbane by steamer.

Man and horse plowing field

Jim Holden operating a single furrow horse drawn
plough on his Numinbah Valley property, 1910.

  1. The name Numinbah means hold tight country from nyummin meaning tight for the Aboriginals believed that the narrow valley held the mountains together. (Steele, J.G., Aboriginal Pathways in Southeast Queensland and the Richmond River, p60).
  2. An Aboriginal word meaning place of devils (Walkabout magazine September 1958, p34, 35)
  3. Should be N'yumminbah, the small midjim palm or walking stick palm ( Hanlon,W.E The Early Settlement of the Logan and Albert Districts, p238)


Numinbah Valley is located in the south west of the Gold Coast.

The valley is about 116 square kilometres in area and is the major water supply catchment of the Gold Coast. The main valley strikes north from the McPherson Range and is enclosed to the southeast and southwest by the plateaux of Springbrook and Beechmont.

The area is characterised by cleared valley floors with some grazing land stretching up into the steep, sharply defined sides of the valley.

The Nerang - Murwillumbah road runs along the valley floor adjacent to the tree lined banks of the Nerang River and its tributary creeks.

The cliffs, narrow ridges, forested slopes and open farmlands combine to create one of the most scenic rural areas in the Gold Coast Hinterland.

European Settlement

Settlement of the area is associated with timber getters moving up from the Tweed and Richmond Rivers in search of the valuable red cedar trees in the 1870s.

 The timber resources of the area supported the economy of the local farming families and supplied timber for a number of local and regional saws mills well into the 20th Century.

Dairies, banana plantations and beef production, later tourism, have played a significant role in the economic history of the area and inevitably have helped to shape a cohesive community.