Animal Local Laws updates

From 25 August 2023, animal local law fines have increased and some rules have changed. These changes are a result of community feedback. Help ensure our pets and the community are safe by being a responsible pet owner.

Offences & penalties

All pet owners have a responsibility to ensure their pet does not cause harm, nuisance or danger to another person or animal.

Owner's requirements Penalty units for breaches Fine amount
Keep your dog under effective control 4 $619
Keep your pet contained within your property 3 $464
Meet the minimum standards for keeping a pet 2 $309
Meet koala conservation requirements for your dog 2 $309
Keep your pet from being a noise nuisance 2 $309
Animal (other than a dog) attack that causes bodily
harm to another person or animal
5 $774

For more information, visit Animal laws, breaches & fines.

Animals must be under effective control

For dog owners this means:

In a public place: the person who is physically able to control the dog is holding the dog by a chain or leash and does not cause or allow the dog to attack or worry another person or animal.

In a designated off leash exercise area: the dog is under the supervision of a person aged 17+ years who:

  • is able to control the dog by voice command
  • does not cause or allow the dog to attack or worry another person or another animal
  • ensures that the dog remains visible to the person who is exercising the dog.

For more information, visit Dog exercise areas.

Animal noise nuisance

All owners who keep an animal must ensure that the animal does not cause an animal noise nuisance.

An animal causes a noise nuisance if:

  1. In the opinion of an authorised person, the noise unreasonably interferes with the peace, comfort and convenience of any person on their property; and
  2. The duration of the noise exceeds
    • more than a total of 6 minutes in any 60-minute period between the hours of 7am and 10pm on any day; or
    • more than a total of 3 minutes in any 30-minute period between the hours of 10pm and 7am on any day.

For more information about the noise nuisance process, visit Report a problem – Animals.

Koala conservation requirements

Every Gold Coast resident, no matter where they live, must prevent their dog from contacting and causing harm to a koala known to have entered their property.

To help keep koalas safe, there are specific requirements for dog owners who live in a designated koala area. To check if you live in a designated koala area, refer to Subordinate Local Law No.12.1 (Animal Management) 2013 – Schedule 1 Koala areas(PDF, 5MB).

All dog owners living in a koala area, must ensure the area a dog can access either:

  1. Prevents a koala entering your property (koala-exclusion fencing), for example:
    • secure a continuous strip of metal or Perspex at least 600mm in height to the top of an existing fence to prevent a koala from climbing the outside
    • construct a fence of metal sheeting or rendered brick that doesn’t provide grip for a koala to climb
    • ensure the fence is at least 3m away from trees and shrubs from which a koala could jump to the fence top or shielding trees from a koala climbing by applying a smooth metal tree guard; or
  2. Provide structures to help a koala escape your property (koala-friendly fencing), for example:
    • construct fencing that a koala can easily climb, for example, timber fencing with horizontal slats or chain wire mesh fencing
    • place a timber post or log of at least 125mm diameter against the top of an existing fence at an angle of no greater than 60 degrees with natural ground
    • plant trees or shrubs against the inside of an unclimbable fence.

If your property is more than 2000m2, you have additional requirements to the above. You must either:

  1. Confine your dog to a secure area between sunset and sunrise, for example:
    • within a dwelling, veranda, garage, crate or dog run
    • tethered by a leash or chain less than 3 metres long and securely attached to a fixed stationary object; or
  2. Construct, maintain and keep your dog in a separate enclosure having an area less than 2000m2 that:
    • prevents your dog wandering or escaping the enclosure; and
    • prevents a koala entering the enclosure or provide structures to help a koala escape (as listed above).

For more information about koala conservation requirements, visit Help save koalas.

Animal enclosures

As a responsible pet owner, you are required to provide a proper enclosure to keep your pet safely contained.

A suitable fence is a physical barrier made of strong materials to prevent the animal from escaping over, under or through the fence to adjoining land or any public place.

A suitable fence does not include:

  • electronic animal containment systems, for example, electric fencing above or below the ground,
  • electronic systems that operate by a radio or GPS signal
  • a device attached to an animal (collar, bridle or halter) giving an electric shock when near the boundary of the enclosure.

For more information on animal containment and responsible pet ownership, visit Animal ownership requirements.

Permits

The below permit types have been removed:

  • animal breeder
  • kennel
  • animal carer
  • guard dog
  • pet shop.

A breeder permit is no longer required under Local Law. If you breed or intend to breed your cat or dog, you will be required to comply with State and Local Laws.

Under Local Law, if you have more than the allowable number of animals on your property for breeding – more than 2 dogs and more than 2 cats – you will still be required to apply for an excess permit.

If you are a current permit holder you will not be required to apply for an excess animal permit or update your details on the Queensland Dog Breeder Register, unless your circumstances change, such as moving house or you obtain a new animal.

Dog breeding and animal welfare requirements apply under State Government legislation to all dog owners who wish to giveaway, supply, sell or advertise dogs or puppies, including accidental litters. For more information visit, Department of Agriculture and Fisheries.

For more information on breeding and animal permits, visit Keeping and breeding of animals.

Allowable number of animals on your property

Local Law limits the number of animals that can be kept depending on the size of the property. All owners must meet the minimum standards for keeping animals on their property.

A permit may be required to keep more animals with an authorised person assessing your property to ensure the additional animals do not have a negative impact on your neighbours and the environment.

Permits are no longer required the keeping of the following animals:

  • bees
  • geese, ducks and turkeys
  • domestic hens
  • rats and mice

Note: Minimum standards must be complied with by a person who keeps an animal on the premises.

Budgerigars, canaries, similar-sized birds and pigeons

Property size Number allowed Permit applicable
Less than 300m2 4 Yes for more than 4
300m2 - 1999m2 20 Yes for more than 20
2000m2 or more 30 Yes for more than 30

Cockatiels and similar-sized birds

Property size Number allowed Permit applicable
Less than 300m2 2 Yes for more than 2
300m2 - 1999m2 10 Yes for more than 10
2000m2 or more 30 Yes for more than 30

Cockatoos, galahs and similar-sized birds

Property size Number allowed Permit applicable
Less than 300m2 1 Yes for more than 1
300m2 - 1999m2 2 Yes for more than 2
2000m2 or more 4 Yes for more than 4

Geese, turkeys and ducks

Property size Number allowed Permit applicable
Less than 4000m2 0 Prohibited
4000m2 or more 1 per 300m2 No

Domestic hens

Property size Number allowed Permit applicable
600m2 or less 0 Prohibited
More than 600m2 1 per 150m2 No

Roosters, peacocks, ostriches and emus

Property size Number allowed Permit applicable
Less than 4000m2 0 Prohibited
4000m2 or more Minimum standards No

Horses*

Property size Number allowed Permit applicable
2000m2 or less 0 Prohibited
2001m2 - 3999m2 Inspection required Yes
4000m2 or more Minimum standards No

Livestock (other than horses)

Property size Number allowed Permit applicable
2000m2 or less 0 Prohibited
2001m2 - 3999m2 Inspection required Yes
4000m2 or more Minimum standards No

*Exemption for Bundall equestrian area precinct.

For more information on allowable number of animals on your property, including cats and dogs, visit Keeping and breeding of animals.